century (n) - 100 years
centuries (plural) - hundreds of years
- The 19th Century saw a large increase in heavy industries.
- Agriculture has been developed and improved over many centuries.
- If your children do not learn English while they are young, they will be at a disadvantage in later life.
- This technique has both advantages and disadvantages.
- Soils in that region are especially fertile.
- We can improve the fertility of soil.
final (adj.) - at the end
- It took a long time but we finally finished all the work.
- It will be some time before we get the final results.
- Most of the region was flooded for several days.
- Floods damaged crops in many areas.
get rid of (v) - take out, remove something we don't want
- There are too many papers here. Can you get rid of some of them?
- I have had this cold for weeks. I just can't seem to get rid of it.
- My son grew 10 cm. last year.
- These plants will not grow in hot climates.
- The harvest was late this year.
- These crops are easy to harvest.
- This bottle can hold 1 ½ liters.
- How much information can this disk hold?
level (n) - flat area
level (adj.) - having a flat surface
- This land will be difficult to level.
- The car park has five levels.
- To play our game, we will need to find a level piece of ground.
plow (v) - to turn over soil with a plow
plow (n) - farm tool used for plowing
note: British English – plough
- Most of the fields are plowed in the wet season.
- Farmers have used plows for thousand of years.
relative (adj.) - compared to
- The rooms are relatively large.( same as The rooms are quite large.)
- This is relatively easy. (same as This is not too difficult.)
- If bunds are not built carefully, water may seep out of the rice field.
- Our roof was damaged last year. Now when it rains, some water seeps through.
snails (n) - small, slow-moving animal with a shell
tend to (adv.) - usually happens
- He is not a good worker. He tends to be lazy.
- The rainy season tends to last for 4 or 5 months.
tradition (n) - beliefs or systems passed from parents to children
- These are the traditional clothes worn by women in my country.
- This is a very old tradition which people have carried out for centuries.
- English people traditionally eat meat with two vegetables.
varied (adj.) - different
variety (n) - different types
variable (adj.) - often changing
- Traditions vary from country to country.
- We should eat a varied diet.
- We need to use a variety of techniques.
- Weather conditions in my country are variable.
- It is vital that you understand this! (same as It is very important that you understand this.)
- This is vitally important! (same as This is very, very important.)
weed (v) - to take out weeds
- These fields need to be weeded at least two times during the growing season.
- Some farmers do not believe that weeds are a problem.
yield (n) - production, the result
- These varieties tend to yield well.
- Rice yields in many countries are still too low.
puddle (v) - to make wet soil very soft before planting crops
transplant (v) - to take plant from onelocation and put it in soil somewhere else
- The rice in that area was transplanted last week.
varieties (n) - groups of animals or plants within a species or sub-species. Sometimes also called breed, race or strain.
- Scientists are always working to develop new varieties of plants and animals.
- Varietal improvement is an important area of crop research.