Tuesday, March 22, 2011

English for Agriculture: unit 2 LOWLAND CULTIVATION reading

Read the following article:

Traditional Lowland Rice Cultivation

Lowland rice is the most important crop in most parts of Asia.

Farmers level the land and build bunds to hold water.

They flood the fields with water and plow to get rid of weeds and to puddle the soil to prevent the water from seeping away.

They transplant rice seedlingsweed the fields and finally, harvest the grain.

Irrigation is vital for high yields.

Most rice is grown in the lowlands because there is enough water, fertile soil and level land.

Plowing, transplanting, weeding and harvesting all take a lot of work.

Soil fertility varies from place to place, but lowland soils tend to be more fertile than in the uplands.

Traditional methods produce relatively low yields of rice.

Farmers also grow crops on the bunds and keep fish in the paddies.

They collect frogsshellfish and snails that grow naturally in the rice fields.

Over the centuries, farmers have selected and planted rice seeds that yield well, resist pests and diseases, and taste good.

Traditional farming uses many different varieties of rice.

Watch the video and read along:

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